Displaying items by tag: aquaculture
Significant potential to be realised
This article was featured in EUROFISH Magazine 3 2020.
Capture fisheries production in Kazakhstan comes from the waters of the Caspian and Aral Seas, Balkhash, Zaysan lakes, Bukhtarma, Kapshagai, Shardara reservoirs, Alakol system of lakes and other ponds with a total area of over three million hectares. More than 70 fish species live here, including the most commercially valuable (zander, common carp, grass carp, silver carp, whitefish).
Croatia steers Presidency of the EU Council despite coronavirus
This article featured in EM 3 2020.
Holding the rotating Presidency of the Council of the European Union is a challenging task at the best of times. Despite being a small country, holding the Presidency for the first time, and facing a Europe-wide health and economic crisis, Croatia intends to make progress on key fisheries and aquaculture issues on its agenda, says Ante Misura, Assistant Minister with responsibility for fisheries in the Ministry of Agriculture.
Since the 1st of January, Croatia has taken over the Presidency of the Council of the European Union. What are the main priorities for the fisheries sector on the agenda during the 6-month presidency, and are they going to be achieved, given the current Covid-19 crisis?
This is our first Presidency since becoming an EU Member State. It came at a time of many changes, with the new Commission and Parliament on board, and with the UK leaving the EU family. The Presidency often faces unplanned situations, but the Covid-19 crisis is without precedent in recent history. From a practical point of view, meetings at the Council could no longer take place as planned, and it has therefore been difficult to make progress within our 6-month term. In light of the crisis, our priority was to find a way to help the fishery and aquaculture sector to better cope with the consequences of the pandemic. In close cooperation with the Commission and the Parliament, we managed to adopt urgent new measures that will support fishermen, aquaculture farmers and processors. However, our main priorities have remained the same, and are related to two important subjects. First are the negotiations on the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund for the 2021-2027 programming period. We aim to achieve as much progress as possible in inter-institutional negotiations, and have found a way to continue working with the Commission and the Parliament in these challenging times. Our second priority is to make significant progress on the new fisheries control regulation, and we believe we will achieve it by the end of our Presidency. Our goal is to reach a Partial General Approach in June, as planned.
Eurofish Magazine issue 3 2020 features the fisheries and aquaculture sectors in Croatia, Albania and Kazakhstan. The Species section looks at Octopus.
May / June 2020 EM 3
Country profile: Croatia, Albania, Kazakhstan
Trade and Markets: Corona pandemic changes markets and consumer behaviour - Globalisation will remain an indispensable part of the fish industry
Technology: Fishing methods influence the sustainability of fisheries - More selective fishing protects stocks and marine ecosystems
Guest pages: Maja Markovcic Kostelac - EMSA strengthens Europe’s competitiveness, sustainable growth, and the blue economy - Contributing to all EU policy areas related to the sea
A vision for growth is being realised
This article featured in EUROFISH Magazine 2 2020.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is famous for its vast oil reserves, a quarter of the world’s total, and for the dominance of its economy by petroleum and associated industries. However, growing diversiﬁcation of the Saudi economy has beneﬁted some sectors. In agriculture the Kingdom is now self-sufﬁcient in the production of milk, eggs, wheat, and other commodities. In addition, the country is a major exporter of fruits, vegetables, dairy products and ﬁsh and seafood to markets around the world.
Although aquafeed manufacturers still can’t do completely without fishmeal and fish oil they are in the meantime much less dependent on marine ingredients and are increasingly using alternative raw materials to meet the protein and nutrient requirements of fish, shellfish and crustaceans. Modern processing methods today enable the use of numerous new resources.
This article featured in EUROFISH Magazine 2 2020.
According to the FAO an additional 27 million tonnes of seafood will have to be produced by 2030 in order to maintain the current supply level. This will be impossible without expanding aquaculture production, however, and will lead to an increased demand for aquafeed. That, in turn, poses enormous problems for the feed industry because the supply of fishmeal and fish oil cannot be increased at will without jeopardising the sustainability of industrial fishing. Traditionally, fishmeal has been the preferred source of protein for aquafeed due to its high protein content, well-balanced amino acid profile, and good digestibility. Global fishmeal production has been stagnating for more than 30 years, however, and might now even be on a decline. On average, the fishmeal industry uses about 20 million tonnes of raw materials a year for the production of approximately 5 million tonnes of fishmeal and 1 million tonnes of fish oil. Three quarters of this is processed to feed for aquaculture. Because the available quantities are not sufficient to meet demand the feed industry has to resort to alternative raw materials.
Eurofish Magazine issue 2 2020 features the fisheries and aquaculture sectors in Spain, Estonia and Saudi Arabia. The Aquaculture section looks using less fishmeal in aquafeed.
March / April 2020 EM 2
Country profile: Spain, Estonia, Saudi Arabia
Events: Fish International, Salmon ShowHow
Aquaculture: Importance of fishmeal for aquafeed continues to decline - More and more vegetable feed components are being used
Technology: Reduce plastics and waste with sustainable labelling and banding
Guest pages: Dr Manuel Barange - Climate change impacts on aquatic ecosystems are modulated by other forcing factors - Reducing overall stress boosts resilience to climate change
As with other sectors of the global economy, fisheries and aquaculture are also being affected by the spread of COVID-19. Producers, processors, traders, and consumers are both directly and indirectly feeling the impact of the virus, the consequences of which, particularly for populations that depend heavily on seafood for food security and nutrition, can be severe. FAO has therefore released a brief on how COVID-19 is affecting the fisheries and aquaculture sector and suggested measures to support the different players in the supply chain. Production, for instance, may suffer from the imposition of sanitary measures on board that make fishing difficult, crews may not be able to join their vessels due to travel restrictions, and the necessary supplies of bait or ice may not be available. In addition, demand in some countries has fallen as a result of unfounded perceptions about links between COVID-19 and seafood. Aquaculture production is affected by the closure of markets, the shutdown of the HORECA sector, and restrictions on flights and cargo movements. In the processing sector issues with cross border transport, uncertain supply of raw materials, and market restriction are among the challenges companies must face. COVID-19 is also likely to have an impact on fisheries management and policy as stock assessments, fisheries observer programmes, and science and management meetings may all be postponed or cancelled. Measures to support the different elements in the supply chain extend from expanding government purchases of seafood to maintain demand and prevent a slump in prices to extending credit and microfinance facilities to fish farmers to ensuring smooth passage of goods at ports, rail terminals, and at border crossings. The complete brief is available at http://www.fao.org/documents/card/en/c/ca8637en
The COVID-19 pandemic continues to have profound implications, shaping global demand and altering the supply patterns of many industries, not least the fisheries and aquaculture sector.
Fish and fish products need to move across borders with no restrictions, while in compliance with the existing measures to protect consumers’ health.
In order to assist the sector, GLOBEFISH will soon start disseminating a periodical newsletter covering past, current and future impacts of the pandemic on fisheries and aquaculture through the contribution of multiple participants in the value chain in different parts of the world.
In this regard, GLOBEFISH would greatly appreciate external input by responding to a short questionnaire.
The information collected will form a key basis for assessment and enable the industry to better access current information. Please note that all answers will be treated confidentially, and data will only be reported at aggregate levels.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is continuously monitoring and sharing information on the COVID-19, particularly possible disruptions in the food supply chain and challenges in terms of logistics. GLOBEFISH is part of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Department of FAO, responsible for providing up-to-date market and trade information on fish and fish products.