Displaying items by tag: aquaculture
Progress must be better conveyed
From simple earth ponds to offshore net enclosures and computer-controlled RAS: no other area of food production has changed so rapidly in such a short time as aquaculture. The pace of development is overwhelming for many consumers and outside the industry there are enormous gaps in knowledge which often leads to misunderstandings and even raises fears. More explanation and elucidation will be necessary to enable a constructive dialogue.
The term aquaculture has had some quite different meanings throughout history. It first appeared in 1855 in a newspaper article in connection with the storage of ice for cooling purposes in the summer months, and later on it was also used for irrigation practices in agriculture. Since the end of the 19th century (around 1890), however, it has increasingly been understood as a collective term for the methods used for the cultivation of aquatic plants and the rearing of various aquatic animal species. These mainly include fish, molluscs and crustaceans, but also aquatic reptiles, amphibians and some invertebrates, including echinoderms such as sea cucumbers or sea urchins. To be successful, aquaculture requires precise knowledge about the biology of the organisms produced, their food requirements, and their daily needs. In contrast to capture fisheries, which exploit fish stocks as a common pool resource, the plants and animals produced in aquaculture are the property of the producer or company.
This article was featured in the EUROFISH Magazine 6/2019.
A new publication in Spanish, Acuicultura marina. Granjas marinas de peces. Diseño y operación (Marine aquaculture. Marine finfish farms — Design and Operation) has been produced following a year’s work by the Spanish Association for Standardisation (UNE) and APROMAR, the Spanish Aquaculture Producers Association. The publication covers the design, construction, and proper maintenance of marine aquaculture farms to reduce possible technical and operational failures and to avoid the possibility of escapes caused by accidental impacts during daily operations or by unexpected events. It lists good practices that fish farmers can implement to make Spanish marine aquaculture more sustainable.
The table of contents of the publication can be downloaded at: https://www.une.org/encuentra-tu-norma/busca-tu-norma/norma/?c=N0062824
Adris Group, a major player in Croatia with activities in tourism, insurance, real estate, and healthy food services is behind Croatia’s largest producer of farmed fish, Cromaris. The positive development the group has shown over the last years mean that additional investments will be made into the sector. In the next three-year period, Adris Group plans to invest more than EUR30 million in the food sector through its ownership of Cromaris. Cromaris had a strong 2019 showing an 8% increase in sales for the first nine months of 2019 reaching a net profit of HRK13.2 million (EUR1.8 million), 80% of which is generated on foreign markets. In 2019, Cromaris will reach sales levels of nearly 10,000 tonnes of fresh fish. With the added investment Adris wants to transform Cromaris into a leader in the Mediterranean fish business.
An improved range of starter feeds for trout has been created following extensive research that provide key nutrients while improving water quality. Alltech Coppens TOP fry feed has an optimised ratio between digestible protein and digestible energy. This results in better performance with higher protein utilisation and lower ammonia excretion, leading to improved feed efficiency and better water quality. Dr Philip Lyons, Global Aquaculture Research Manager at Alltech Coppens says the feed not only improves performance during a critical phase but does so sustainably.
November / December 2019 EM 6
Country profile: Turkey, Latvia, North Macedonia
Events: Fish International, International Conference on endangered species, Conxemar
Aquaculture: Concerns about aquaculture are often unfounded
Fisheries: Opportunities for fisheries as the Arctic ice melts - International control is essential
Guest pages: Jan Kappel, European Anglers Alliance: Forging common ground among recreational fishers across Europe - Fighting in support of healthy fish stocks
Eurofish Magazine issue 6 2019 features the fisheries and aquaculture sectors in Turkey and Latvia. The Fisheries section looks at fishing opportunities as Arctic ice melts.
Eurofish Magazine issue 5 2019 features the fisheries and aquaculture sectors in Albania and Denmark. The Aquaculture section looks fish welfare and species profile looks at African Catfish.
September / October 2019 EM 5
Country profile: Albania, Denmark
Events: Seafood Expo Russia, International Carp Conference, International Arctic Forum
Aquaculture: Increasing demand for fish welfare
Fisheries: Reconciling fisheries management and conservation with MPAs, Unique co-management system contributes to
preserving small-scale fishery communities
Guest pages: Dr Bernardo Basurco, The Mediterranean Agronomic Institute of Zaragoza - Education and training for sustainable fisheries
Aquaculture in Spain 2019 is the latest edition of APROMAR’s annual report depicting the development of the aquaculture sector in Spain and Europe. The report gives companies working in the sector, along with public administrations an overview of the sector with information from the European Commission, the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAPA), the European Federation of Aquaculture Producers (FEAP) and the FAO.
In 2017 the Spanish aquaculture sector comprised 5,100 aquaculture establishments in operation. Of these, 4,793 focused on mollusks while 187 were inland aquaculture farms, 79 coastal establishments while 41 were farming in the sea. Seabass was the most cultivated fish species in 2018 with a 22,460 tonnes production. The Region of Murcia produced 7,525t (34%), followed by the Canary Islands 5,793t, (26%), the Valencian Community 4,633t (21%), and Andalusia 4,479t (20%). Other important aquaculture species include rainbow trout (18,856 tonnes), gilthead seabream (14,930 tonnes), turbot (7,450 tonnes) 99% of which was produced in Galicia. Throughout Spain 140,050 tonnes of aquaculture feed was used in 2018 with 85% used to produce marine fish and the remaining 15% used for freshwater aquaculture. Spain is the EU member state with the highest aquaculture production touching 311,000 tonnes or 23.0% of the total in 2017.
The Spanish publication is available on eurofish.dk/spain
Eurofish Magazine issue 4 2019 features the fishing and aquaculture sectors in Lithuania and Georgia. The Technology section looks at big data and artificial intelligence in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.