Today, 90 million tonnes of wild fish are caught in the world, while another 80 million tonnes are farmed. By 2050, the global population is predicted to reach 11 billion, requiring about 300 million tonnes of fish. In connection with this, the question of the efficiency of the fishing fleet required, among other things, for developing promising resources, is becoming more and more relevant.
As was noted by Pyotr Savchuk, Deputy Director of the Federal Agency for Fishery, the process is under way in Russia of creating a high-tech industrial fishing fleet and, by 2030, the level of the fleet will rise in terms of operation, safety and convenience for fishermen’s work.
“Today, it is vital to launch the trend towards 2050, meaning general trends and technologies. The basic principle is that everything begins from the end product,” Pyotr Savchuk stated. The government’s plans include introducing totally waste-free and increasing efficiency. According to the deputy head of Rosrybolovstovo, at least 100 fishing vessels need to be built by 2025, which will mean a 50% update of the overall fleet capacity. The new ships will be 30% more productive than the current ones.
A new tool for encouraging fleet renewal is investment quotas: 33 new orders are being place at Russian wharfs.
“We are interested in development of this sector and are considering additional support measures”, noted Nikolai Shablikov, Deputy Director, Department for the ship-building industry and marine equipment, Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia.
The speakers at the Course for 2050: Trajectory for Improvement roundtable were representatives of the professional fishery community, Russian and foreign experts.
Chairman of the Management Board of Nautic RUS Alfred Tulinnus stated the need to build vessels to meet the requirements of specific customers and Deputy General Director of the Krylov Scientific Research Centre Oleg Timofeev announced that Russia’s designers had started restoring competences in the fishing fleet field over the last two to three years. According to him, the trend consisted in environmental requirements, departure from using heavy fuels, an increase in the power-to-weight ratio, a reduced impact of physical fields, and greater economic efficiency of ship operation.
The experts noted that ships of the future would be safe, environmentally friendly and smart automated systems with a minimal crew and digital technologies. At the same time, to upgrade the fleet, a balance of interests would need to be maintained between the government, the wharf and the operating company. For fish to be of high quality and available, it is important to create continuous transport chains and keep the products fresh for as long as possible.
TsNII Kurs Deputy General Director for civilian sea equipment Dmitriy Stolyanov stated that, at the end of 2017, they had set up an ship equipment centre for import substitution and localisation.
During the roundtable on industrial safety, Rosrybolovstvo’s position was put forward: the industrial fishing fleet must provide convenient and safe working conditions for fishermen. According to the International Labour Organisation, fishing is the most dangerous type of activity and 24,000 accidents a year occur on vessels.
In this connection, the Cape Town Agreement of 2012 concerning an increase in safety on fishing vessels needs to be introduced into practice. It is necessary to introduce an international regulatory framework, observe all aspects of onboard safety, including the design specifics of vessels, crew training and the competence of the shipping company itself.